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Learn all about Indian Emeralds: their price, color, durability, treatment, and value

Indian emeralds are a prized gemstone for their rich green hue and cultural significance, with Jaipur being a leading center for producing fine-quality luxury products and prices ranging from $10-$100+ USD per carat depending on the 4Cs.

Key Takeaways

  • Indian emeralds are a rich green hue gemstone believed to bring prosperity to business, studies, and creative careers.
  • Gems have a special significance and were often used to beautify and safeguard monarchs’ palaces in India as early as 5,000 years ago.
  • Jaipur, India, is one of the leading centers for producing fine-quality luxury products employing labor-intensive processes to ensure that only the finest emeralds reach the market.
  • The 4Cs determine the price of Indian Emeralds (or Panna); Color, Clarity, Cut, and Carat weight, with prices in India ranging from $10-$100+ USD per carat.
  • Generally, Indian emeralds prices are lower than emeralds from other origins, such as Colombia or Zambia.


Gemstones are as old as time and are steeped in mystery and legend. India has a rich history of gemology, with many of the world’s most beautiful and valuable emeralds hailing from the country. These Indian emeralds, or Indian Pannas, have captivated the eyes of kings, queens, and commoners alike for centuries with their vibrant green hue. But what makes these precious gems so special? Read on to learn all about Indian emeralds – their price, color, durability, treatment, and value – as well as Jaipur’s role in the emerald cutting and trading industry.

Indian Gemology

Gems have been a part of Indian culture since ancient times. The Vedas, the oldest Indian scriptures, mention the use of gems in both ceremonial rituals and everyday life. In addition, the famous architectural guidebook Manasara provides proof that jewels were employed to beautify and safeguard monarchs’ palaces as early as 5,000 years ago.

Precious stones are believed to have strong spiritual energies that link the Earth to other parts of the universe. This explains the special significance that various rulers attached to gemstones such as emeralds. This green gemstone was thought to be able to influence destiny and was often given as a gift to gods to bring good fortune.

Today, emeralds remain popular among Indian jewelry makers and wearers because they represent wealth and power. Emeralds come in various shades, from dark deep greens to bright, vivid hues that truly stand out when shaped into intricate jewelry such as rings or necklaces. Whether you’re looking for an heirloom quality piece or want something special for yourself, an Indian emerald is sure to deliver beauty and elegance that will last for generations.

The beauty, power, and mystery of Indian emeralds are unparalleled, making them the perfect choice for anyone looking to add a touch of elegance and class to their wardrobe. Experience the luxuriousness of Indian Panna for yourself – the only question left is which shade you will choose.

Indian Emerald (Indian Panna)

Indian Emerald, commonly known as Indian Panna, is a medium to dark green hue emerald gemstone from India. It is mostly utilized for decorative and astrological purposes. According to Vedic astrology, emeralds are said to bring prosperity to business, studies, and creative careers.

This captivating gemstone has been popular since ancient times due to its pleasant greenish hue and mesmerizing appeal. It is derived from the Greek word ‘Smaragdus,’ which means ‘green stone.’ The Indian Emerald has been used for ages to make jewelry such as rings, earrings, necklaces, bangles, and more, with its exceptional luster and attractive color. Crafted into intricate designs using gold or silver settings with precious diamonds or pearls makes, this gem a must-have addition to any jewelry collection.

Overall, the Indian Emerald gemstone is an excellent choice for anyone looking for a unique accessory that will add charm and elegance to their look while having great meaning too!

The Indian Emerald is a perfect choice for anyone looking to add a touch of elegance and meaning to their look. With its captivating color and mesmerizing appeal, this gemstone will make an exquisite addition to any jewelry collection. Now that you know the benefits of owning an Indian Emerald, let’s explore the price range of this precious gem.

Indian Emerald Price

Indian emeralds are renowned for their deep green color, making them a sought-after gemstone. The 4Cs determine the price of Indian emeralds; Color, Clarity, Cut, and Carat weight. Generally, Indian Panna prices are lower than emeralds from other origins, such as Colombia or Zambia. Prices in India can range from $10 USD per carat up to around $100+ USD, depending on quality and size. You can expect prices to vary greatly outside of India due to fluctuations in supply and demand.


Emeralds are by far one of the most beautiful gemstones available in nature. This gemstone, unlike many others, is only found in a single color – green. Depending on the emerald’s origin, the green shade can vary from yellowish to bluish. However, when it comes to emeralds, one must always remember that if it’s not green, it’s not an emerald! The best emeralds feature even saturation and have a pure or slightly bluish-green hue. Indian emeralds are particularly sought after for their vibrant colors and clarity. Along with being used in jewelry, these gorgeous stones are also often featured as a decorative element in home decor pieces. Emeralds add a pop of color to any space and serve as a timeless reminder of nature’s beauty.


Emeralds are an incredibly durable gemstone, rated from 7.5 to 8 out of 10 on the Mohs Scale. They are made up of Morganite, Aquamarine, and Bixbite, making them highly resistant to scratches and damage. However, because of their purpose, they have inclusions that make them slightly less durable than other gemstones. This brittleness can cause emeralds to break more easily if care is not taken with them, so it is important to maintain them wisely. Caring for your precious emerald jewelry with proper storage and cleaning will help ensure its long-lasting beauty and durability over time.


The treatment of emeralds is a crucial process to maintain the clarity and quality of the gemstone. Fractures and inclusions are filled with oils and similar fillers to achieve optimal clarity. This process enhances the clarity thanks to oils having a similar refractive index to emeralds. Although this process may provide long-lasting results, it is recommended that these emeralds be re-oiled after a certain usage period to ensure the same level of clarity and brilliance. On the other hand, if an emerald is untreated, its fractures will be visible, as there is no such thing as a flawless natural emerald. It is recommended that any buyer assume that the gemstone has received treatment, as it is pretty much standard across the industry.


Indian emeralds are a much sought-after gemstone among jewelry collectors and connoisseurs. They are renowned for their high quality and stunningly vibrant green color. Their unique green color and remarkable clarity make them one of the most desirable gemstones in the world, commanding a very high price per carat. To ensure that only the finest emeralds of the highest quality reach the market, Indian jewelers take great care to sort through each stone before allowing it to be used in jewelry. They also exercise strict control over the cutting process to bring out maximum brilliance from each individual stone. This attention to detail ensures that Indian emeralds maintain their value over time, making them a sound investment for anyone who collects fine jewelry.

Jaipur, India: The Emerald Cutting and Trading Powerhouse

Jaipur, India, is a city steeped in history and culture. Located in the state of Rajasthan, this historic pink city was founded by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the Raja (king) of Amer, in the early 1700s. The city’s jewelry industry dates back to when great importance was placed on bringing in top craftsmen, including jewelers. It has since become known as one of the leading centers for producing fine-quality luxury products and colored gemstone cutting and trading.

Today, Jaipur is a global powerhouse when it comes to emeralds. Fine craftsmen are still highly valued for their expertise in creating beautiful jewelry pieces featuring emeralds worldwide. This includes exquisite pieces such as emerald rings, necklaces, bracelets, earrings, and more that range from traditional Indian designs to modern takes on classic styles. Thanks to its commitment to quality craftsmanship and gemstones, Jaipur has become a leader in creating some of the most sought-after emerald jewelry pieces available today.


In conclusion, Indian emeralds are widely considered to be some of the world’s most beautiful and valuable gemstones. From its vibrant green color to its exceptional clarity, these precious stones can bring a unique beauty to any jewelry collection. Thanks to its commitment to quality craftsmanship, Jaipur has become a leader in the emerald industry and is renowned for producing exquisite pieces featuring emeralds from around the globe. If you’re looking for an investment that will last for generations, Indian emeralds are worth considering, as they will only continue to increase in value over time.

Frequently asked questions

Does India produce emeralds?

India does not mine emeralds today. Since 1983, no reported records of Emerald production in India have been reported.

What is the price of emeralds in India?

The price of emeralds in India can vary widely depending on the grade and source of the stone, color and clarity. Generally speaking. However, smaller stones may start from INR 500 to 1000 per carat, while larger ones may cost anywhere between INR 3000 to 50,000 per carat. Additionally, the price would increase if it has a brighter hue or better clarity.

Are emeralds from India good quality?

Yes, emeralds from India can be of good quality. The country has a long history of producing emeralds, and its mines are renowned for their top-quality gems. While some lower-grade emeralds come from Indian sources, these stones are more affordable and still quite beautiful. Even though there is never any guarantee when purchasing a gemstone, India provides excellent options for those looking for emeralds of high quality.

Where are emeralds mined in India?

Emeralds are found in the states of Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, and occasionally in the Coimbatore district in Tamil Nadu.

All resources under the reconnaissance and unclassified grade category have been recorded in the state of Jharkhand. Emerald occurrences have been documented in Rajasthan, Odisha, and Chhattisgarh, with no estimates available. In the Ajmer-Rajsamand district of Rajasthan, emerald deposits are located in a 221 km long belt stretching from Gam Gurh to Bubani and Muhami. Key areas include Rajgarh, Tikhi and Kalaguman (Rajsamand). The appearances are scarce and varying.

Emerald is found in the Bira-Mohorajpur belt in Bolangir district, Odisha, and the Deobhog area in Raipur district, Chhattisgarh. Additionally, occasional and scattered emerald, aquamarine, and amethyst crystals have been found in a few areas in the Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu.